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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1632\margr4704\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3249\margrsxn4715\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2642\colsr1480\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 DRESS AISTID RELIGION}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 zi}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1632\margrsxn4704\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri7\sb216\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 cotton for the lighter one. The latter, found adhering \expndtw10 to a silver vase, appears on careful examination by \expndtw1 experts to resemble the present-day coarser Indian variety \expndtw11 with its "typical convoluted structure."}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb187\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Dress}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi432\ri4\sb169\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The dress of the people, like their personal fea\-tures, must have varied. A statue, for instance, re\-\expndtw2 presents a male figure wearing a long shawl, drawn over \expndtw5 the left shoulder and under the right, so as to leave the \expndtw15 right arm free, The nude statues must not be taken \expndtw7 to indicate that nudity was prevalent. They may have \expndtw8 been meant for religious purposes.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Religion}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi436\ri0\sb155\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Our scanty knowledge of the religion of these early peoples is derived from trie seals, copper tablets, and \expndtw6 figurines of metal, terra-cotta, and stone. The most prominent deity is the Tvlother or Nature Goddess,\super 1 \nosupersub\expndtw2 whose worship was so common in ancient times in all \expndtw6 countries from Persia to tlie JEgean coasts. This cult \expndtw9 found a fruitful soil in India, and out of it developed \expndtw7 the worship of Sakti with, all its elaborate rites. Fur\-\expndtw5 ther, a seal portrays a higlily conventionalised figure of \expndtw7 a three-faced male god, seated Y^f-like, with animals \expndtw9 on each side, who has been recognised as the proto\-\expndtw2 type of the historic Siva. If this conjecture be correct, \expndtw-2 Saivism? may legitimately claim to be the oldest living \expndtw10 religion. That the worstiip of the phallic emblems\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97 \expndtw3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 the \i linga \i0 and \i theyoni\i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 was also prevalent is clear from \expndtw5 the discovery of scores \b o\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  \b0 antconic objects of stone \expndtw12 together with ring-stones, whereas the existence of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-205\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub  From immemorial antiquity, India is the home of the worship \charscalex92\expndtw2 of \i frakriti \i0 or later \i Sakti, \i0 goddess \i Prithvi, \i0 and a host of \i Gramadevatas \expndtw0 Mata,   \i0 etc.)}\par }